Interfacial characterization of soil-embedded optical fiber for ground deformation measurement

Cheng-Cheng Zhang, Hong-Hu Zhu, Bin Shi and Jun-Kuan She

School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China.

Smart Mater. Struct. 23 (2014) 095022 (12pp)

doi:10.1088/0964-1726/23/9/095022

Abstract

Recently fiber-optic sensing technologies have been applied for performance monitoring of geotechnical structures such as slopes, foundations, and retaining walls. However, the validity of measured data from soil-embedded optical fibers is strongly influenced by the properties of the interface between the sensing fiber and the soil mass. This paper presents a study of the interfacial properties of an optical fiber embedded in soil with an emphasis on the effect of overburden pressure. Laboratory pullout tests were conducted to investigate the load-deformation characteristics of a 0.9 mm tight-buffered optical fiber embedded in soil. Based on a tri-linear interfacial shear stress-displacement relationship, an analytical model was derived to describe the progressive pullout behavior of an optical fiber from soil matrix. A comparison between the experimental and predicted results verified the effectiveness of the proposed pullout model. The test results are further interpreted and discussed. It is found that the interfacial bond between an optical fiber and soil is prominently enhanced under high overburden pressures. The apparent coefficients of friction of the optical fiber/soil interface decrease as the overburden pressure increases, due to the restrained soil dilation around the optical fiber. Furthermore, to facilitate the analysis of strain measurement, three working states of a soil-embedded sensing fiber were defined in terms of two characteristic displacements.

Keywords: fiber optic sensor, geotechnical monitoring, ground deformation, pullout test, interface behavior, progressive failure

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